HS 748 - DAN AIR REMEMBERED

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HS 748

AIRCRAFT
HAWKER SIDDELEY 748 DETAILS AND FLEET LISTING

The Hawker  Siddeley HS 748 is a medium-sized turboprop airliner originally designed  by the British firm Avro in the late 1950s as a replacement for the  aging DC-3s then in widespread service as feederliners. Avro  concentrated on performance, notably for STOL operations, and found a  dedicated market. 380 aircraft were built by Hawker Siddeley. A larger,  stretched development of the HS 748, the BAe ATP, attempted to compete  with the de Havilland Canada Dash 8 but saw a limited production run .The original 748 design was started in 1958,

Avro   decided to design a smaller regional airliner powered by two  Rolls-Royce Dart turboprop engines. Original plans were for a 20-30 seat  aircraft with a similar configuration to the Fokker F27, but talks with  potential customers soon led to a low-wing 40 seat design being chosen  for the 748 project.

Avro  was not the only company to see the potential for a DC-3 replacement,  and by this point work on the 748's direct competitor, the Fokker F27  Friendship turboprop, was well advanced. Avro therefore decided to  compete by producing a more rugged design with better short-field  performance, allowing it to operate from smaller airports and those with  rough surfaces. This was accomplished with a long, high lift wing and a  unique single slot flap with a hinged flap tab at the trailing edge.  The wing was mounted low on the fuselage with dihedral from the root,  allowing good overall ground clearance and easy mounting of strong  durable landing gear. Other features of the 748 included an internal  engine starting system, and systems and structures that were designed to  be easy to inspect and repair in the field with limited equipment. The  748 was one of the first medium-sized aircraft to use fail-safe design  principles in the structure, instead of the then common safe-life  principles. Because of these features, the 748 quickly became popular  (and still is today) with a variety of airlines operating in remote  areas thanks to its ability to haul payloads of over 10,000 lbs in and  out of short rough fields with little to no ground service equipment.

The  first Avro 748 flew from the company's Woodford, Cheshire aircraft  factory on 24 June 1960, and testing of the two prototypes quickly  proved the type's short-field performance. 18 Avro 748 Series 1 aircraft  were produced, the first for Skyways Coach-Air being delivered in April  1962. However, the majority of the series 1 were delivered to  Aerolíneas Argentinas. By this point, Avro's individual identity within  the Hawker Siddeley Group had ended and the design became known as the  HS 748. After  the initial batch of series 1 aircraft production switched to the series  2, which was similar to the series 1 but with more powerful RR Dart RDa  7 Mk 531 engines and increased gross weight. In 1967 the series 2A was  introduced which, again, was the same basic aircraft but with Mk. 532  engines and a further increase in gross weight. From 1971 on, a large  freight door in the rear cabin and strengthened cabin floor were offered  as options on the Srs 2A. In 1979 the Series 2B was introduced, which  featured a 4 foot increase in wingspan at the tips, Mk 536-2 engines, a  modernized passenger cabin, and improvements to the fuel, water methanol  injection system, and engine fire protection systems. Production of the HS 748 ended in 1988, by which time 380 were produced (including the Andover and HAL-748).Typical  passenger seating in the HS 748 is for 40-48 economy class seats (4  abreast), however most passenger HS 748s still in service are operated  as quick change combis, with a movable bulkhead dividing the main cabin  two, with anywhere from 4 to 40 seats in the rear section and cargo in  the forward section. The 748 is also widely used as a pure freighter  with a typical max payload of about 12,000 lbs. Several carriers also  use the 748 as a bulk fuel hauler, with either seven or eight fixed  tanks in the cabin with a total capacity of about 7500 litres. The basic price for a new Avro 748 Series 1 in 1960 was £176,000, with the corresponding Avro 748 Series 2 being £196,000. During  the summer of 1971, when engineering or operational requirements  dictated, the Nord would be replaced by Dan-Air's last Ambassador  G-ALZO, and she flew the Newcastle to Cardiff and Bristol routes on  several occasions during June and July. However, she had been retired by  the time that a replacement was needed in November, and on one day,  November 18, Dan-Air BAC One-Eleven 401 G-AXCK and Skyways International  Avro 748 G-ARMX were both used to operate the "Link City" service.

The  appearance of the 748 into the Dan Air fleet was no great surprise as  Dan-Air who were in the process of taking over this troubled airline,  together with its fleet of 748 airliners. This take-over sounded the  death knell for the Nord 262, as the 748 fleet would now take over the  company's scheduled network. As a result the Nord flew her final service  to Newcastle on January 26 1972. She was flown to Lasham on the next  day, and then prepared for sale to Rousseau Aviation based at Dinard.  Registered F-BTDQ she was delivered from Lasham, via Gatwick, to Dinard  on February 22 1972, thereby concluding a successful eighteen month long  period of colourful airline service with Dan-Air. The HS 748, nicknamed  "budgie" was to be a mainstay of the fleet until the company fell in  1992. During it's history up to 20 of the type flew simultaneously. The  aircraft was engaged in Oil Charter operations, and both scheduled and  charter operations. The aircraft was even chartered by the Liberal Party  for their election campaign in 1992. The type was popular with crew and  passengers. Dan Air serviced the aircraft at Manchester and were  successful in fitting a large cargo door to one model.  Throughout this section of  the website we have endeavoured to find a photograph of each individual  aircraft. there are thumbnail images of all the liveries the  aircraft wore whilst with Dan Air, and in many cases, the prior and  subsequent liveries with other operators. The thumbnail images can be  enlarged by simply clicking on them.
G-ARAY
Type: 200

Serial Number: 1535

Entered Service: 03/05/71

Last Flown: 17/10/89

Obtained From : Maersk Air (OY-DFV)

Notes: Broken up at Lasham

G-ARAY GALLERY
Notes Contributed Previously
Richard J. Church
2015-06-24 13:23:22
This aircraft entered service with Dan-Air on 18 May 71 as a Series 2/200 after its CofA was issued the previous day.  It was converted to a Series 1/200 on 15 Mar 72 and to a Series 1A/200 on 25 Jul 77.  It was withdrawn from use at LGW on 17 Oct 89 and ferried to Lasham on 31 Oct 89 where it was dismantled.  Its registration was cancelled on 02 Nov 92 and the complete fuselage was trucked out in Feb93 to an unknown destination.
G-ARMW
Type: 101

Serial Number: 1537

Entered Service: 07/04/72

Last Flown: 07/09/80

Obtained From: Skyways International

Notes: Leased to Air BVI  - Sold to Clewar Aviation
G-ARMW GALLERY
G-ARMX
Type: 101

Serial Number: 1537

Entered Service: 07/04/72

Last Flown: 20/11/88

Obtained From: Skyways International

Notes: Sold to Air BVI

G-ARMX GALLERY
G-ARRW
Type: 106

Serial Number: 1549

Entered Service: 07/04/72

Last Flown: 23/03/86

Obtained From: Skyways International

Notes: Sold to Ryan Air

G-ARRW GALLERY
G-ASPL
Type: 108

Serial Number: 1560

Entered Service: 07/04/72

Last Flown: 26/06/86

Obtained From: Skyways international

Notes: Crashed in Nailstone Read Safety Report Here

G-ASPL GALLERY
G-ASPL
Type: 108

Serial Number: 1560

Entered Service: 07/04/72

Last Flown: 26/06/86

Obtained From: Skyways international

Notes: Crashed in Nailstone Read Safety Report Here

G-ASPL GALLERY
G-ATMI
Type: 225

Serial Number: 1592

Entered Service: 13/05/75

Last Flown:  03/05/91

Obtained From: Court Line Receiver

Notes: Sold to Aberdeen Airways
G-ATMI GALLERY
Notes Contributed Previously
Richard J. Church
2015-06-24 13:48:52
G-ATMI entered service with Dan-Air 29 Jun 75 as a Series 2/225.  It was converted to a Series 2A/225 on 01 May 77.  It was leased to Air BVI from 11 Dec 81 to 17 Apr 82 and to British Airways from 02 Mar 83 to 30 Mar 83, 01 Oct 83 to 15 Oct 83, 06 Apr 84 to 19 Apr 84 and from 13 May 84 to 12 Jun 84 all as G-ATMI.   It last flew for Dan-Air from Saarbrucken to Manchester on 09 May 91 and was put in storage.  It was sold to Janes Aviation Ltd on 15 Jul 92 and was ferried from Manchester to Exeter as JAV428 on 22 Jul 92.
G-ATMJ
Type: 2A

Serial Number: 1593

Entered Service: May 1975

Last Flown:  17/10/91

Obtained From: CAA

Notes: Obtained on lease from CC+AA. Purchased from CAA on 21/07/78 Was leased to BA
Sold to Janes Aviation, Blackpool

G-ATMJ GALLERY
Notes Contributed Previously
Richard J. Church
2015-06-24 14:01:38
G-ATMJ was leased to Dan-Air by the CAA from May to Oct 75 at weekends only as a Series 2/225.  It was ferried to Manchester on 21 Jul 78 after sale to Dan-Air and was converted to a Series 2A/225.  It was ferried from Manchester to Aberdeen as DA 99MJ on 31 Jul 78 before entering service.  It was leased to British Airways from 01 Mar 82 to 31 Mar 89.  It last flew for Dan-Air from Aberdeen to Manchester on 23 Oct 91.  It was sold Janes Aviation Ltd on 15 Jul 92 and ferried to Exeter on 22 Jul 92.
G-AXVG
Type: 226

Serial Number: 1589

Entered Service: 04/10/71

Last Flown: 20/06/89

Obtained From: Skyways International

Notes: Leased to Philippine Airlines sold to Springer Airlines, Canada
G-AXVG GALLERY
G-AYYG
Type: 225

Serial Number: 1697

Entered Service: 17/06/78

Last Flown: 18/10/78

Obtained From: Mount Cook Airlines on lease

Notes: Re leased from April - September 1979 and again April 1980 - October 1981

G-AYYG GALLERY
G-AZSU
Type: 232

Serial Number: 1612

Entered Service: 07/04/1972

Last Flown: 01/06/90

Obtained From: BOAC

Notes: Sold to Aberdeen Airways

G-AZSU GALLERY
G-BEBA
Type: 233

Serial Number: 1613

Entered Service: 17/06/77

Last Flown: 29/10/84

Obtained From: Air Pacific

Notes: Leased to Philippine Airlines - Sold to Springer Airlines, Canada

G-BEBA GALLERY
Notes Contributed Previously
Lew Paterson                                                                
2015-04-02 12:16:43
Caught fire when unloading a cargo of fuel oil  14 Aug 1991 at  Big Trout Airport, ON (YTL)
G-BHCJ
Type: 209

Serial Number: 1663

Entered Service: 04/10/79

Last Flown: 22/10/84

Obtained From: ?

Notes: Sold to Springer Airlines

G-BHCJ GALLERY
Notes Contributed Previously
Richard J Church 2015-06-15 10:45:25
This aircraft was obtained from Philippine Airlines Inc and didn't enter service with Dan-Air until 13 Dec 79 after its CofA was issued on 10 Dec 79.  It was leased to SATA Azores from 31 May 81 to 16 Sep 81 as G-BHCJ and last flew for Dan-Air on 02 Oct 84.  It was leased to Philippine Airlines as RP-C1030 from 25 Oct 84 to 16 Feb 89.  It was sold to Springer Aerospace of Canada (a maintenance organisation) on 15 Jun 89 after storage at Lasham following the Philippine lease.
G-BEJD
Type: 105

Serial Number: 1653

Entered Service: 17/12/76

Last Flown: 1989

Obtained From: Aerolineas Argentinas

Notes: Cargo aircraft - Sold to Emerald Airways

G-BEJD GALLERY
G-BEJE
Type: 105

Serial Number: 1556

Entered Service: 04/12/77

Last Flown: 1989

Obtained From: Aerolineas Argentinas

Notes: Sold to Emerald Airways

G-BEJE GALLERY
G-BEKC
Type: 105

Serial Number: 1541

Entered Service: 10/02/77

Last Flown: 21/12/87

Obtained From: Aerolineas Argentinas

Notes: Sold to Avocet

G-BEKC GALLERY
G-BEKD
Type: 105

Serial Number: 1544

Entered Service: 10/12/77

Last Flown: 21/12/87

Obtained From: Aerolineas Argentinas

Notes: Sold to Air Condal

G-BEKD GALLERY
G-BEKE
Type:  105

Serial Number: 1545

Entered Service: 24/03/77

Last Flown: 1988

Obtained From: Aerolineas Argentinas

Notes: Sold to Janes Aviation, Blackpool

G-BEKE GALLERY
G-BEKF
Type: 105

Serial Number: 1542

Entered Service: 24/03/77

Last Flown: 31/07/79

Obtained From: Aerolineas Argentinas

Notes: Lost following an accident in Sumburgh report here

G-BEKF GALLERY
G-BEKG
Type: 105

Serial Number: 1557

Entered Service: 12/07/77

Last Flown: December 1981

Obtained From: Aerolineas Argentinas

Notes: Sold to Cayman Airways Ltd

G-BEKG GALLERY
G-BFLL
Type: 245

Serial Number: 1658

Entered Service:  10/02/78

Last Flown: 30/04/90

Obtained From: Avianca

Notes: Sold to Aberdeen Airways

G-BFLL GALLERY
G-BIUV
Type: 266

Serial Number: 1701
Entered Service: 27/05/81

Last Flown: 30/04/90

Obtained From: Polynesian Airways

Notes: Converted Cargo Aircraft - sold to Janes Aviation, Blackpool

G-BIUV GALLERY
Notes Contributed Previously
2015-06-24 14:24:51
G-BIUV entered service with Dan-Air on 17Jun81 in the hybrid Polynesian/Dan-Air scheme shown above. It was withdrawn from use on 01Oct81 at Manchester for the fitment of a Large Rear Freight Door. It first flew from Manchester with the door fitted on 07Mar82. It was stored at Manchester from 05Nov91 to !7Feb92. It was used for the 'Liberal Democrats' election campaign from 18Mar92 to 08Apr92 with appropriate titles before storage at Manchester from 10Apr92. It ferried to Aberdeen as DAN89UV on 05May92 and returned to service until 15Jul92 when sold to Janes Aviation Ltd. However, the aircraft continued flying on lease to Dan-Air until 15Aug92 when it ferried to Exeter.
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