Boeing 727 - DAN AIR REMEMBERED

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Boeing 727

AIRCRAFT
BOEING 727 DETAILS AND FLEET LISTING

The Boeing 727 is a three-engine jet  airliner. It first flew in 1963 and for over a decade was the most  produced commercial jet airliner in the world. When production ended in  1984, a total of 1,831 aircraft had been produced. The 727 was produced  following the success of the Boeing 707. Designed for short-haul routes,  the 727 became a mainstay of airlines' domestic route networks. A  stretched variant, the 727-200, debuted in 1967.

The 727 design  arose as a compromise between several US Airlines requirements for a jet  airliner to service smaller cities which often had shorter runways and  smaller passenger demand.  Eventually, the airlines agreed on a trijet.  The 727 was born. The third engine, which is located at the very rear of  the fuselage is supplied with air from an inlet at the front of the  vertical fin through an S-shaped duct to the engine's inlet. The 727  featured high-lift devices on its wing, thus being one of the first jets  able to operate from relatively short runways. Later models of the 727  were stretched to accommodate more passengers in Dan Air's case the 200  series seated 189 passengers. Dan Air was the first UK airline to use  the type when two ex Japan Airlines 727 46'  joined the company fleet in  1973
As the type was designed to be used at smaller, regional  airports independence from ground facilities was an important  requirement. This gave rise to one of the 727's most distinctive  features: the built-in airstair that opens from the rear underbelly of  the fuselage. Another innovation was the inclusion of an APU (auxiliary  power unit), which allowed electrical and air-conditioning systems to  run independent of a ground-based power supply, without having to start  one of the main engines. The 727 can also back itself up, thus not  requiring the push tractor needed for most other jet airliners to leave  an airport gate. The 727 is equipped with a retractable tail skid which  is designed to protect the aircraft in the event of an over-rotation on  takeoff. The 727's fuselage has an outer diameter of 3.8m. This allows  six-abreast seating. At the turn of the 21st century, the 727 was still  in service with a few airline fleets. The 727 was one of the last  airliners in service to have a three-person flight crew, including a  flight engineer, a crew member whose tasks are have been largely  automated on newer airliners.
Dan Air operated both the 100 and 200  series aircraft. Initially the 100 series was used, in various formats  such as the 46 or the 095. Latterly the company supplemented the type  with the introduction of the 200 series, again in various versions.  Several changes had to be made to the initial aircraft to comply with UK  Airworthiness requirements. The aircraft had to have instruments  Anglicised, as well as the introduction of a stick pusher, a stick  nudger and a stick shaker to offer full stall protection. Extra fuel  tanks were fitted to enable the aircraft to reach destinations such as  the Canary Islands. Finally Dan Air were intent on getting as many  passengers on board as possible. The company required that they seat 153  people. Something that the aircraft had never been required to do. Japan Airlines had configured the aircraft with just 131. The  UK CAA required that the 727's would have additional emergency exits  with such an increase in payload. When the 727 200 series aircraft were  introduced Dan Air managed to increase the number of passengers to 189.  This matched the total capacity of the larger Boeing 707. In total, 20  Boeing 727's flew with Dan Air. This beautiful and graceful jet was  popular with passneger and flight deck crew. Cabin crew disliked the  central galley and in particular the 100 series was not favoured by the  flight attendants. As the 1990's approached the 727 had become  increasingly expensive to keep flying. The Chairman of Dan Air, David  James, said after the takeover.
"We were actually flying those 727s  just to cover the cost of flying them, they were net losers. We were  having to fly routes just to provide services just to use the 727s. They  were a dreadful burdon"
Dan Air were embarking on a programme to  consolidate the fleet into perhaps just two types. The 737 and the  BAe146. Sadly we were not able to see the plan come to life. Our photo  section features each aircraft in all the colour schemes that each  aricraft wore whilst with Dan Air. Where possible we have shown images  of each jet before entry into the Dan Air fleet, and images of the  aircraft after she left Dan Air service.
.There are thumbnail images of all the  liveries the aircraft wore whilst with Dan Air, and in many cases, the  prior and subsequent liveries with other operators. The thumbnail images  can be enlarged by simply clicking on them.
G-BAEF
Type: 46

Serial Number: 18879

Entered Service: March 1973

Last Flown: 31/10/90

Obtained From: Japan Air Lines

Notes: Parked in Mojave Desert 1992
Purchased by Aero Republica Columbia flew until 1996

G-BAEF GALLERY
G-BAFZ
Type: 46

Serial Number: 18877

Entered Service: 06/04/73

Last Flown: 21/10/87

Obtained From: Japan Air Lines

Notes: Sold to Aeron Corp 06/03/86

G-BAFZ GALLERY
G-BAJW
Type: 46

Serial Number: 18878

Entered Service: March 1973

Last Flown: 24/09/89

Obtained From: Japan Air Lines

Notes: Sold to Amerijet 04/10/89

G-BAJW GALLERY
G-BCDA
Type: 46

Serial Number: 19281

Entered Service: 22/04/74

Last Flown: 01/11/90

Obtained From: Japan Air Lines

Notes: Sold to Aeron Aviation

Served with SAM Columbia

G-BCDA GALLERY
G-BDAN
Type: 46

Serial Number: 19279

Entered Service: August 1974

Last Flown: 25/04/80

Obtained From: TOA Domestic Airlines ex JA8318

Notes: Crashed into mountains in Tenerife 25/04/80 Report  here

G-BDAN GALLERY
G-BDAN
Type: 46

Serial Number: 19279

Entered Service: August 1974

Last Flown: 25/04/80

Obtained From: TOA Domestic Airlines ex JA8318

Notes: Crashed into mountains in Tenerife 25/04/80 Report  here

G-BDAN GALLERY
G-BEGZ
Type: 193

Serial Number: 19620

Entered Service: 20/10/76

Last Flown: 07/04/81

Obtained From: Burma Airways

Notes: Sold to Aravco 10/04/81

G-BEGZ GALLERY
G-BFGM
Type: 095

Serial Number: 19249

Entered Service: 22/07/77

Last Flown: 08/08/81

Obtained From: Delta Airlines

Notes:  Sold to Aeron Aviation 20/10/81

G-BFGM GALLERY
G-BFGN
Type: 095

Serial Number: 19251

Entered Service: 30/11/77

Last Flown: 20/10/81

Obtained From: Delta Airlines

Notes: Sold to Airsearch USA 30/10/81

G-BFGN GALLERY
G-BHNE
Type: 2J4Adv

Serial Number: 21676

Entered Service: 20/03/80

Last Flown: 12/10/91

Obtained From: Sterling Airways

Notes: Northern Lakes Equity

G-BHNE GALLERY
G-BHNF
Type: 214 ADV

Serial Number: 21438

Entered Service: 08/084/80

Last Flown: 27/10/91

Obtained From: Sterling Airways

Notes: Sold to Northern Lakes Finance
G-BHNF GALLERY
G-BHVT
Type: 212 Adv

Serial Number: 21349

Entered Service: 08/04/80

Last Flown: 25/10/82

Obtained From: Singapore Airlines

Notes: Sold to Northern Lakes Finance 27/10/91

G-BHVT GALLERY
G-BIUR
Type: 155c

Serial Number: 19619

Entered Service: 01/05/81 (Leased from Ariana Afghanistan)

Last Flown: 25/11/81

Leased again  22/04/82 until 21/10/82

Obtained From: Ariana Afghanista

G-BIUR GALLERY
G-BKAG
Type: 217 Adv

Serial Number: 21055

Entered Service: 01/04/82

Last Flown: November 1991

Obtained From: CP AIR

Notes: With company at time of takeover.

G-BKAG GALLERY
G-BKCG
Type: 170

Serial Number: 20328

Entered Service: 01/05/82

Last Flown: 05/11/84

Obtained From: SAN Ecuador

Notes: Returned to SAN Ecquador

Photo Credit : TFS Team

G-BKCG GALLERY
G-BMLP
Type: 264 Adv

Serial Number: 20710

Entered Service: 04/04/86

Last Flown: 02/11/92

Obtained From: Aeron Corp

Notes: To Lasham for disposal

G-BMLP GALLERY
G-BNNI
Type: 276 Adv

Serial Number: 20950

Entered Service: 09/12/86

Last Flown: 02/11/92

Obtained From: Aeron Corp

Notes: To Lasham for disposal

G-BNNI GALLERY
G-BPND
Type: 2D3Adv

Serial Number: 20550

Entered Service: 05/01/88

Last Flown: November 1992

Obtained From: The Netherlands

Notes: To Lasham for disposal

G-BPND GALLERY
G-BPNS
Type: 277 Adv

Serial Number: 21021

Entered Service: 07/01/89

Last Flown: November

Obtained From: Aeron Corp

Notes: To Lasham for disposal

G-BPNS GALLERY
G-BPNY
Type: 230 Adv

Serial Number: 20675

Entered Service: 16/03/89

Last Flown: November 1992

Obtained From: Condor ex D-AMBI

Notes: To Lasham for disposal

G-BPNY GALLERY
G-NROA
Type: 217 Adv

Serial Number: 21056

Entered Service: 01/02/83

Last Flown: November 1992

Obtained From: CP AIR

Notes: To Lasham for disposal - Previously registered G - BKNG (See Above)
G-NROA GALLERY
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